Mosquitoes are pesky little buggers. They can ruin a good outdoor picnic or they can be irritating when you’re trying to sleep. Not only are their bites itchy and annoying, they are also vectors of numerous diseases including malaria, yellow fever, dengue, encephalitis, Chikungunya, and Zika virus.
Mosquitoes breed in warm and humid environments, but some species can also breed in cold places.
Did you know?
- Only female mosquitoes suck blood. They use the protein to produce eggs.
- Male mosquitoes typically live 7 to 10 days; females live up to 30.
- Male mosquitoes drink nectar and plant juices.
- The red bump and itching caused by a mosquito bite is actually an allergic reaction.
- Mosquito wings hum at 200 to 500 beats a second.
- The world’s 3,000 species of mosquitoes transmit more diseases than any other creature.
- Mosquitoes must lay their eggs in water or where water will overflow.
–Source :National Geographic, Mosquitoes
As it turns out, an estimate of 20% of people are especially delicious to mosquitoes. They home in on their targets by the carbon dioxide they emit, sweat and clothing color. Pregnant women are more prone because of the higher amount of carbon dioxide that they exhale.
What can you do to protect yourself from mosquitoes?
- Clean your surroundings. Dump or flush any standing water sources so larvae can’t survive. Check these 12 places to look for standing water.
- Avoid going outside when mosquitoes are most active, which is at dawn and at dusk.
- Mosquitoes tend to be attracted to dark colors. Wear light clothing that can cover most of your body.
- Take a bath or a shower. Mosquitoes are attracted to high body temperatures and sweat. Also, avoid perfumes with fruity scents as they tend to attract mosquitoes, too.
- Put mesh screens on doors and windows so mosquitoes can’t come inside your home.
- Use essential oils or herbs to repel mosquitoes. You can use citronella, peppermint, basil, garlic, eucalyptus, and rosemary. Mosquitoes have a keen sense of smell and they find these scents unappealing.
- Use insect repellents. There’s a huge variety of insect repellents that you can choose from. You can find lotions, sprays and patches in any drugstore.
There is no specific medication for most of the mosquito borne diseases. You can only take precautions to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Remember that prevention is better than cure.